Cross-Border Knowledge Transfer
in International Strategic Alliances:
from Cultural Variations to Asymmetric Learning Process
The explosive growth of international strategic alliances as firmís way to enter markets, as well as a mode to acquire new knowledge has affected the complexity of academic research about international cooperation and knowledge transfer process. Transferring knowledge among organizations involves a wide range of features. According to this statement, empirical evidences fade out the need of better understand the impact of different variables on international knowledge transfer and sharing.
Starting from the role that the typology of context and the tendency to individualism vs collectivism have in affecting the stability of international strategic alliances, the aim of this paper is to show, through some case studies, to what extent the effectiveness of cross-border knowledge transfer can be influenced by: the role of cultural dimensions, as well as the type of international collaboration (complementary/synergic). Some hypothesis and suggestions for further research will be formulated on learning capabilities of partners involved in an international strategic alliance.